There are a couple of things in life that are satisfying as enjoying the fruits of the own harvest, specifically when there is a mention that the harvest comprises top-quality cannabis. Once you buy marijuana seeds, taking care of the plant attains a lot more fame than ever with the rampant push towards continued widespread legalization.
You can well judge the tricky process if you reside in a state where you can start cultivating marijuana plants legally. Several tips and tricks make your journey easier, from germination seeds to properly caring for them during the important flowering stage.
We will now take a small look at the varied cultivating stages of cannabis before spending any time in the expanding flowering stage.
Proper Germination of The Marijuana Seeds
A single seed is the commencement of a successful harvest. The viable seed generally appears deep brown, and it is harder to touch and occasionally sports the striations and the stripes present across the body. The seeds are weaker, whiter, and lighter green due to the undeveloped and are considered unhealthy.
Germination of the cannabis seed is done outdoors and indoors, although some growers might find greater success in its interiors. Germinating the seeds is more focused on limiting exposure to temperature, pests, swings, wind, and mold. Using the humidity dome is suggested to foster rapid growth.
Fostering The Growth of The Seedling
The plants will enter the seedling stage once the plants have germinated. Keep the weed seedlings in a moist and relatively warm condition during this point. Lighting should be a presence throughout the seedling stage. There are smaller round leaves which are known as cotyledons appearing. It is during this point that the plant enters the vegetative processes.
The growers can aim to supply their plants with the following to aid in facilitating healthier growth during the seedling stage:
- Temperature– A steady temperature range between 72 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Proper Lighting– The lower intensity of the light being sourced from the LED and the low-wattage fluorescent bulbs
- Safe Handling– The safer light distance helps in keeping the plants comfortable. It is vital to keep the seedlings in a smaller pot with proper drainage during this phase.
- Nutrition– Some seedlings require a smaller dose of nutrition to help foster growth. There are varied nutrients that instantly lead to the burn of nutrients.
Marijuana Plants During Vegetative Growth
The vegetation stage is considered one of the two main growth stages for the cannabis plant. During the vegetative stage, the plant develops the foundations that offer a bountiful harvest in the upcoming weeks.
After the marijuana has sprouted its initial fan leaves, the plants officially enter the vegetative stage. As the plant continues its growth of the stems and leaves, the energy focuses on expanding the roots throughout the growth medium. During this stage, weed grows to their maximum size and height allowed for by their ideal growth condition—the larger the growing area, the greater the light intensity with massive containers impacting their vegetative stage.
You can make various vital discoveries related to cannabis during the vegetation phase.
Determine Plant Sex – You should know if you are initially growing a male, female, or hermaphrodite plant. The female plants develop buds that are perfect for consumption, while the male or hermaphrodite plant does not. The male preflowers develop rapidly and are the simplest sign of determining the plant sex.
Calculate Pot Size – The plant's size is determined by several environmental factors, including the pot's size and the nutrition you deliver. The massive amount of growth space has the largest root system.
Control Humidity – The stable humidity in the 50 percentile areas allows your plants to prosper during the vegetative stage of the weed. The well-rounded environmental control system will help keep your room comfortable.
It is time to leap into this flowering stage after the buds start appearing and you have secured the female plants.
How To Handle The Flowering Cannabis Plants
It is vital to adhere to strict schedules to maximize your potential harvests while your marijuana starts manifesting the buds. So, what does it mean to practice? You should carefully start attending the lighting and nutrition programs for the last weeks of the life of the plants as they have a greater impact on the yield is what it means.
We will now break down the entire flowering process into its respective stages to wrap our minds around things that should get done.
Initiation – Weeks 1–3
Your plants start growing and stretching dramatically while you are shifting your lighting schedules. The plants start doubling and even tripling in size during this phase. You should pay careful attention to the white hairs, known as pistils, while they signal that the female plant has started to generate its preflowers, which is the sign that good things are yet to arrive.
The plants have developed solid bud sites among their plant nodes at the end of the third week. Savvy gardeners notice the clusters of these preflowers.
Mid Flowering – Weeks 4–5
The weed should stop growing upwards during this point in the plant's life cycle. You should notice the buds of the plants that have started fattening up while the pistils turned darker. Make sure to maintain a solid feeding schedule with the proper nutritional changes to meet the demands of the flowering stage. The good buds you produce, their aromatic and resinous components get stronger.
Flowering / Ripening – Week 6–Harvest
The last couple of weeks of plant cultivation is when the buds gain more weight. They get sticky to the touch and ripe to the nose, and the growers generally start tasting their weed during this point. Depending on the strain, the growers would notice the white pistils with the brown and cream striations. The trichomes also change their colors while the shifts indicate the harvesting time.
Time to Harvest – Week 8+
The buds finish fattening up after the eight weeks of the flowering stage. The production of the trichomes increases while the pistils change their color. During this point, you can perform the last flush before harvesting the plant. The last harvesting moment changes as it depends on the flavors and the desired effects of the growers.
Tips For Cultivating Marijuana Successfully.
- Eliminate the low-lying material and braches along with the large and fan leaves
As already explained in Stages 1 (Propagation) and 2 (Vegetation), you have to remove the lower vegetation where you are not receiving direct light, irrespective of whether it is artificial or natural. The process is performed in weeks one and two of the flowering stage.
- Only use the best plants.
You can start selecting the best vegetating plants for transferring to the flowering stage if you are propagating several plants than you need and vegetate only the best tissue clones, cultures, or seedlings. It is an obvious tip as there are several growers from whom we have heard about employing this practice. It is unanimously agreed that it is good to have more choices than fewer ones.
It might need greater space and cost for cultivating the plants, which you might not use in the end, with additional labor, time, and expenses that are worth growing for the best possible plants.
- Apply products preventively.
Weeks one and two of the flowering stage are generally the final chances for applying any beneficial preventative fungicides, neem oil, Bacillus thuringiensis (BT), and other products which help to prevent the development of the powdery mildew, budworms, grey mold, and related issues. It is vital to check out the recommendations for the product manufacturer's use and the state and local laws and regulations for the approved products and their use.
- Brace or support plants early.
It is often best to stake or support the plants before their roots are spreading to reduce the possibility of root damage. It is best to place better supports before the plants start flowering, whether you are employing netting, stakes, or other related methods.
- Ensure proper airflow between plants.
It is important to add space to every plant, which is kept farther enough to m make sure of maximizing the airflow between them. It helps prevent any hot spots from lights and the proliferation of powdery mildew to promote the carbon dioxide and distribution of oxygen.
Furthermore, the implementation of the circulation fans helps in the proper movement of the air between the plants both during the day with the lights on as well as the night time for the prevention of increased humidity levels.
- Using the proper light spectrum.
As already mentioned, after buying marijuana seeds, the flowering stage of the plan must have its requirement for the light spectrum. These spectrums generally have higher levels of the red spectrum, reducing the levels of the blue ones compared to the preferred ones in their vegetative growth.
Lights allow the grower to fine-tune both spectrums to accommodate the distinctive requirements allowing the grower to adjust their parameters for enhancing the growth, health, and development of the flower.
- Performing periodic lab analyses and keeping records.
Whenever possible, you should send several specimens to the lab for analysis whenever you are unsure about the potential of the new cultivar or while attempting to fine-tune the development or determine the peak levels of the given terpene or cannabinoid.
It is important to keep thorough records throughout the flowering cycle by logging every feature of the development of the plant till the cycle ends. For instance, you should track whenever the plant is finished growing, the levels of the THC at their finishes, and the weight of this finished product against the biomass waste.
- Select proper genetics.
You should only grow the marketable cultivars. So why grow the cultivars that none wishes? You should constantly do market research so that you know about the products being sold the best and how they match your niche. Understand your market and create perfection for your product.
Several markets are generally available, including crafting, affordability, and the staple cultivars with the popular flavors of the week. A couple of weeks' flavors pass sooner; therefore, you should never invest your excessive time, effort, and resources into the flash-in-the-pan cultivar, which none desire whenever you bring it to your market.
- Adjust the processes based on what you are growing for.
Are you growing for the bag of appeal? Are there any extracts? Is it include any specific terpene or cannabinoid? Suppose you are extracting the cannabis you grow. In that case, there is a bad appeal that is extremely vital for you as you might prefer that the cultivar produces more available cannabinoids on the plant or the bud, which is a bit fluffier and perhaps is not as dense as the buds, which are destined for the top-shelf flower.
If you intend to extract the entire crop using the hydrocarbon extraction process, you might pick to start harvesting the crop for a week to make sure that the final extract is much lighter in its shade than the full-term buds.
When buying marijuana seeds, you should know that the growers become a bit anxious in the final weeks of the flowering. But try containing yourself and avoid harvesting your plants sooner. A week going by might not appear like an insignificant period, as it makes a massive difference to your stash's quality, flavor, and strength. Ensure to pay closer attention to the plants throughout their flowering cycle as you need to become patient as you will surely get rewarded with a couple of top-shelf buds.